Chemical elements
  Gold
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Extraction
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Aurous fluoride
      Aurous chloride
      Aurous bromide
      Aurous iodide
      Aurous oxide
      Aurous sulphide
      Aurous thiosulphate
      Aurous Derivatives of Nitrogen
      Aurous cyanide
      Potassium aurothiocyanate
      Ammonia and Aurous Halides
      Gold dichloride
      Gold dibromide
      Gold monoxide
      Gold monosulphide
      Gold monosulphate
      Nitride of Bivalent Gold
      Auric chloride
      Aurichloric Acid
      Auric bromide
      Auribromic Acid
      Auric iodide
      Auri-iodic Acid
      Auric iodate
      Auric hydroxide
      Auric sulphide
      Auric sulphate
      Acid auryl sulphate
      Auric selenide
      Auric selenate
      Auric telluride
      Gold and Nitrogen
      Auric nitrates
      Gold and Phosphorus
      Gold arsenides
      Auric selenide
      Auric antimonide
      Auric cyanide
      Salts of Auricyanic Acid
      Double Salts of Auric thiocyanate
      Gold carbide
      Gold and Silicon
    PDB 1a52-4acl

Salts of Auricyanic Acid






The free acid has not been prepared, as it decomposes as indicated under auric cyanide. Potassium auricyanide, 2KAu(CN)4,3H2O, is obtained in colourless crystals by the action of auric chloride on potassium cyanide in aqueous solution. It is readily soluble in water. At 200° C. all the water of crystallization is eliminated, the salt being converted into potassium aurocyanide, KAu(CN)2. Ammonium auricyanide, NH4Au(CN)4,H2O, is produced by evaporating a solution of auric hydroxide in ammonium cyanide. It forms large plates, readily soluble in water. At 100° C. the water of crystallization is expelled, and at higher temperatures the salt decomposes. The silver salt is produced as a yellowish precipitate, sensitive to light, by the action of silver nitrate on potassium auricyanide. It is readily soluble in ammonia, and much less readily in nitric acid. A cobaltous auricyanide, Co(Au(CN)4)2,9H2O, and a number of complex salts have been prepared.


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